Fast Facts about Coffee
Coffee by the Numbers
- Each individual coffee tree yields about one pound of green coffee per year.
- It takes approximately 2000 cherries or 4000 coffee beans to yield one pound of roasted coffee.
- A coffee picker can gather approximately 100-200 pounds of coffee cherries each day. The average net yield is 20-40 pounds of green coffee per picker per day.
- One acre of coffee trees can produce up to 10,000 pounds of coffee cherries. This amounts to some 2000 pounds of beans after milling.
- Arabica coffee trees produce up to 12 pounds of coffee cherries a year, depending on soil and climate.
- The arabica coffee tree is an evergreen and in the wild grows to a height between 14 and 20 feet.
- The white jasmine-scented coffee flower only lasts two to three days, then becomes a green cherry.
- The coffee “bean” is actually the seed of the coffee cherry. Two beans grow face-to-face within each cherry. There are about four thousand beans in a single pound of specialty coffee.
- A scientific report from the University of California found that the steam rising from a cup of coffee contains the same amounts of antioxidants as 3 oranges. Antioxidants are heterocyclic compounds which prevent cancer and heart disease. Coffee is good for you!
- Coffee must have at least 97% of its caffeine removed to qualify as decaffeinated in the United States. A 5-ounce cup of decaffeinated coffee contains less than 5 milligrams of caffeine.
- During roasting, coffee beans become 18-23% lighter and 50-100% larger.
- It takes approximately 42 coffee beans to make a shot of espresso.
- 65% of coffee drinkers add cream and/or sugar.
- 65% of all American coffee is consumed during breakfast hours.
Coffee as an Industry
- The coffee industry employs more than 20 million worldwide.
- Coffee is the most popular beverage worldwide with over 400 billion cups consumed each year.
- Every single day, Americans drink over 400 million cups of coffee.
- Over 53 countries grow coffee commercially and all of them lie along the equator between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
- Hawaii is the only state of the United States in which coffee is commercially grown. Hawaiian coffee is harvested between November and April.
- Only about 20% of harvested coffee beans are considered to be a premium bean of the highest quality.
- Over 5 million people in Brazil are employed by the coffee trade. Most of those are involved with the cultivation and harvesting of more than 3 billion coffee plants.
- In the coffee world, “excelso” or “supremo” do not indicate the quality of the beans, but rather, the size of the beans.
Coffee Through the Years
- Bach wrote a coffee cantata in 1732.
- Remember the Boston Tea Party? It was during that period in 1773 when colonists switched from tea to coffee as a symbol of their freedom from England.
- Count Rumford, an eccentric American adventurer who settled in Paris perfected the French Drip Pot around 1800.
- American kitchens began sporting manual coffee grinders around 1850.
- Over the last three centuries, 90% of all people living in the Western world have switched from tea to coffee.
- The first commercial espresso machine was manufactured in Italy shortly after the turn of the 20th century.
- Australians consume 60% more coffee than tea, a six-fold increase since 1940.
- Iced coffee in a can has been popular in Japan since 1945.
- October 1st is the official Coffee Day in Japan.
- Ancora Coffee Roasters is founded and the first Ancora Coffeehouse opens in Madison, Wisconsin in June, 1994!